Medico e Bambino
2019
Gennaio 2019
numero 1
RICERCA










Bambini e adolescenti con intossicazione acuta alcolica in Pronto Soccorso

Lorenzo Giacchetti, Giulia Bassanese, Giulia Carlotta Signorelli, Francesca Bianchi, Elisabetta Ferrucci, Valdo Pezzoli, Giacomo Simonetti
UOC di Pediatria e Neonatologia, Ospedale Regionale di Lugano, Istituto Pediatrico della Svizzera Italiana

indirizzo per corrispondenza:lorenzo.giacchetti@eoc.ch

Children and adolescents with acute alcohol intoxication presenting to the Emergency Unit: an Italian-Swiss observational retrospective study of 10 years
Key words
Acute alcohol intoxication, Binge drinking, Adolescent, Prevention, Management

Summary
Background - Acute alcohol intoxication (AAI) is a growing phenomenon among adolescents with severe individual and collective impact.
vObjectives - The aim of the study is to describe the presentation, the clinical and epidemiological manifestations and the follow-up of children and adolescents that presented to the paediatric ER and were diagnosed with AAI.
Materials and methods - Patients between 11 and 17 years of age, who presented to the paediatric ER of the Civico Hospital of Lugano (Switzerland) from 2008 to 2017 and were diagnosed with AAI, were enrolled in the study. All patients were invited to undergo a brief interview with a psychologist and a paediatrician 4-6 weeks after the alcohol abuse in order to introspectively analyse the event and to place emphasis on the secondary prevention purpose.
Results - Data from 120 patients with AAI diagnosis were analysed. 112 of these patients were enrolled in the study. 57.1% of the patients were females. Mean age of the patients was 17.7 years. Mean alcohol blood levels were 1.8 g/l. 10.7% of the patients experienced traumatic injury following alcohol abuse. 5.4% of the patients required intensive care unit admission. In 10% of the cases concomitant toxicological urinary screening was positive for abuse of drugs.
Conclusions - The collected data seem to confirm the tendency that in the last few years young people, especially females, anticipate their first approach to alcohol consumption. There is a strong increase in the “binge drinking” phenomenon, namely the consumption of an excessive amount of alcohol in a short period of time meant to get inebriated. Postabuse counselling, performed on a regular basis in the present study, seems to play an important educative and preventive role in limiting future alcohol consumption.


Vuoi citare questo contributo?
L. Giacchetti, G. Bassanese, G.C. Signorelli, F. Bianchi, E. Ferrucci, V. Pezzoli, G. Simonetti. BAMBINI E ADOLESCENTI CON INTOSSICAZIONE ACUTA ALCOLICA IN PRONTO SOCCORSO. Medico e Bambino 2019;38:33-38 https://www.medicoebambino.com/?id=1901_33.pdf


L'accesso è riservato agli abbonati alla rivista che si siano registrati.
Per accedere all'articolo in formato full text è necessario inserire username e password.


La consultazione on-line degli articoli della Rivista Medico e Bambino e delle Pagine Elettroniche è riservata ai nostri gentili abbonati, ai quali richiediamo solo una breve procedura di REGISTRAZIONE.
L'inserimento di username e password personali così ottenute consente di "sfogliare" virtualmente il ricco archivio storico di Medico e Bambino e scaricare liberamente gli articoli desiderati in formato PDF.
Per chi volesse abbonarsi a Medico e Bambino rimandiamo al seguente link.
L'immissione di nuovi contenuti è riservata ai soli utenti registrati 1 < 2

La riproduzione senza autorizzazione è vietata. Le informazioni di tipo sanitario contenute in questo sito Web sono rivolte a personale medico specializzato e non possono in alcun modo intendersi come riferite al singolo e sostitutive dell'atto medico. Per i casi personali si invita sempre a consultare il proprio medico curante. I contenuti di queste pagine sono soggetti a verifica continua; tuttavia sono sempre possibili errori e/o omissioni. Medico e Bambino non è responsabile degli effetti derivanti dall'uso di queste informazioni.

Unauthorised copies are strictly forbidden. The medical information contained in the present web site is only addressed to specialized medical staff and cannot substitute any medical action. For personal cases we invite to consult one's GP. The contents of the pages are subject to continuous verifications; anyhow mistakes and/or omissions are always possible. Medico e Bambino is not liable for the effects deriving from an improper use of the information.