SCU di Clinica Pediatrica, SS di Endocrinologia, Diabetologia e Altre Malattie del Metabolismo, IRCCS Materno-Infantile “Burlo Garofolo”, Trieste
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Key words: Small for gestational age, Diagnosis, Follow-up, Growth hormone treatment
Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) is an approved and effective treatment for short children born small for gestational age (SGA). Prevalence of children eligible for treatment as SGA is reported to be 1:1,800. The latest data from the Italian National Registry of Growth Hormone therapy (RNAOC) showed that the number of children treated with SGA indication is still small and these children are significantly less reported than those treated for growth hormone deficiency (GHD), although GHD prevalence is 1:4,000- 1:10,000. This means that many short children born SGA are still not properly identified, and therefore not treated with rhGH, or misdiagnosed as GHD. This article reviews indications and benefits of rhGH treatment, reports some cases of treated children and provides some practical tools for the identification of children eligible for rhGH treatment.
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