1Neonatologia e Terapia Intensiva Neonatale, IRCCS Materno-Infantile “Burlo Garofolo”, Trieste
2Scuola di Specializzazione in Pediatria, IRCCS Materno-Infantile “Burlo Garofolo”, Università di Trieste
3Servizio di Farmacia e Farmacologia Clinica, IRCCS Materno-Infantile “Burlo Garofolo”, Trieste
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Key words: Iron deficiency, Preterm infants, Iron overload, Iron supplementation
Iron deficiency is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide. Preterm infants are a special risk group, because of lower total body iron at birth, rapid catch-up growth and uncompensated phlebotomy losses. Recent scientific literature suggests that iron supplementation begins from the third week of age, earlier than previously recommended. In order to avoid iron overload, pre-term infants who have received multiple transfusions may maintain iron stores without iron sup-plementation up to 6 months of life.
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