1Medico Frequentatore, 2Dirigente Medico, 3Medico Specializzando, 4Direttore,
SCDU Pediatria II, Divisione di Malattie Infettive, Ospedale Infantile Regina Margherita, Università di Torino
Indirizzo per corrispondenza: firstname.lastname@example.org
Key words: Tuberculosis, Schistosoma, Screening, Foreign countries
Emerging infectious diseases may be present in foreign-born children. The case of a 5-year-old female, born in Ethiopia, who arrived in Italy one month before is reported. Screening investigations performed at our Centre documented a positive QuantiFERON-TB test and microscopic hematuria: further studies revealed diagnosis of pulmonary TB, in asymptomatic patient, and schistosoma infection. An efficacious antitubercular treatment, including moxifloxacin due to the isolation of isoniazid-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis, was administered for 7 ½ months and stopped early because of fluoroquinolone-induced tendinopathy. Afterwards, the child was treated with praziquantel. No signs of treatment failure or relapse were observed at the 3-month follow-up for both diseases. In conclusion, diseases such as tuberculosis and schistosoma infection must always be considered in foreign-born children.
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