THE ROLE OF PAEDIATRICIANS IN THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE PREMONITORY SIGNS OF AUTISM
Key words: Autism, Social interaction, Stereotypies, Communication, CHAT, SINPIA
Autism is a syndrome caused by a biologically determined developmental disorder. It develops
in the first years of life and it mainly affects mutual social interaction, the ability of
communicating ideas and emotions and of establishing relationships with other people. Up
to now the causes of autism are not completely known. Indeed, the disorder involves the
complex relations mind-brain and represents the common final way of pathological situations
having different nature and etiology. The syndrome was first described by Kanner in
1943; the following studies have deepened its clinical and diagnostic characteristics up
to the present description of the triad of symptoms defined by WHO in 1992. Following
the Guide lines presented by the Società Italiana di Neuropsichiatria dell’Infanzia e dell’Adolescenza,
the Authors propose a pathway that enables family paediatricians to formulate
an early diagnosis and thus send children to the proper services for the rehabilitative
therapy. Finally, a pilot study carried out in the SOC di Neuropsichiatria dell’Infanzia e dell’Adolescenza
dell’ASS 4 Medio Friuli is presented. The aim of the study is to detect families’
needs, the perceived quality of the Services and to use the CHAT scale for the screening
of children between 18 months and 4 years.
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