Medicina, Società e Ambiente
Pediatra, Università di Firenze
Indirizzo per corrispondenza: firstname.lastname@example.org
Key words: High-altitude illness, Children born preterm, Pulmonary and cerebral edema, Bronco-pulmonary dysplasia
Children less than one year old can be taken to altitudes up to 2,500 meters, like adults with minor or medium severity heart and lung conditions. Higher altitudes can cause severe reactions, including acute mountain sickness and pulmonary and cerebral edema. Oxygen pressure on airplanes is the same as that found at altitudes of 1,500-2,400 meters. Children born preterm should undergo attentive clinical and instrumental examinations before being subjected to such conditions. Supplementary oxygen administration is necessary for preterm infants who have had broncho-pulmonary dysplasia or other lung conditions.
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