Struttura Complessa di Neuropsichiatria Infantile, IRCCS “Burlo Garofolo”, Istituto per l’Infanzia, Trieste
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Key words: Developmental coordination disorder, Specific learning disabilities, Electroencephalography
The incidence of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is around 6% of school population and is often associated with other specific learning disabilities (dyslexia, dyscalculia) or developmental disorders (i.e. ADHD). A careful medical history is mandatory to identify the often associated disabilities and to exclude a worsening of the motor performances, which can be due to other degenerative diseases. In some cases, a complete physical examination can specify the diagnosis by detecting an objective cause. When the family history is positive and the neurological examination is otherwise normal, no other medical examinations are required. However, the role of electroencephalography is discussed. When diseases needing a timely medical intervention are excluded, a multidisciplinary approach is advisable, in particular if school achievement and/or social skills are poor. The main reasons for not neglecting DCD are dictated by the evidence that this disorder does not disappear with age, and that it can severely limit daily activities, with strong impact on social life and self-esteem.
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