Key words: Pharyngotonsillitis, Group A streptococcal pharyngitis, Treatment, Antibiotic
Pharyngotonsillitis is a very common reason for people to seek medical care, but whether or not to prescribe antibiotics is controversial. This review provides an overview of the studies which assessed the appropriateness of treating Group A streptococcal pharyngitis. For this purpose we analysed guidelines, systematic reviews and primary studies. There is general agreement about the treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis, but the efficacy of the therapy in preventing rheumatic
fever is still questionable. Methodologically sound, large, and prospective trials are needed to determine the effectiveness and the side effects of the antibiotic treatment of pharyngotonsillitis in children.