Problemi non correnti
Neonatologia e TIN, IRCCS “Burlo Garofolo”, Trieste
Key words: Newborn, Hypoglicemia, Low birth weight
Neonatal hypoglycemia is defined as blood glucose higher than 45 mg/l. Blood glucose levels below this level are significantly associated with neurological damage. Normal newborn babies do not need monitoring of blood glucose, which is mandatory for at risk babies, such as low for gestational age and/or preterm babies and more generally those babies with Birth-Weight below 2500 grams, smaller twins when there is foeto-foetal disproportion, babies from diabetic mother, babies with erythroblastosis or polycythemia, babies with micropenis, hypopituitarism, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, and babies who are subject to stress whatsoever. All these cases must be monitored and undergo nutritional prevention, preferably by continuous enteral nutrition. The infrequent cases of persistent or recurrent hypoglycemia represent a separate chapter.
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