1Specialista in Odontostomatologia, Vicenza e Roma;
2Specialista in Odontostomatologia, Parma;
4Pediatra A.O. “G. Rummo” e Libero Professionista, Benevento;
5Pediatra Libero Professionista, Roma
Key words: Oral breathing, Orthodontic treatment, Abnormal occlusion, Snoring, Sleep apnoea
Abnormal development of cranio-mandibular structures may represent an alternative, or complementary, explanation for many cases of oral breathing and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome in childhood. They report the beneficial and prompt effects on symptoms obtained with orthodontic treatment, such as the use for a few weeks of a mandibular advancement splint. A diagnostic approach to oral breathing is necessary to identify cases who may benefit from orthodontic treatment or oral devices, as adjunctive or alternative intervention, since interventions aimed solely at treating upper airway obstruction may be ineffective or insufficient. Early multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment of subjects with oral breathing may also prevent further structural and functional abnormalities.
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