Guidelines for the management of influenza in children were developed by the National Institutes
for Health (Istituto Superiore di Sanità) together with all the major Italian paediatric
societies. Rapid diagnostic tests are not recommended due to insufficient sensitivity and specificity.
Etiological treatment with neuraminidase inhibitors or other antiviral agents is not
recommended. Symptomatic treatment should be based on acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
Antibiotics are not recommended unless fever persists for more than 7 days and signs of
lower respiratory tract infection are present. Admission to hospital should be limited to cases
with preexisting risk conditions, young infants with bronchiolitis, cases with respiratory
distress and oxygen desaturation, or cases where home management is difficult due to