Dipartimento di Ematologia e Oncologia Pediatrica, Università di Catania
Key words: Microcytosis, Anemias, Iron deficiency, Thalassemia, Sideroblastic anemias, Haemosiderosis, Copper deficiency, Lead-poisoning
The Authors provide an overview of microcytic anemias. Causes of microcytic anemia include a wide variety of diseases, the most common being iron-deficiency, impaired haemoglobin synthesis, sideroblastic anemias and anemias due to chronic disease. Other less common causes are copper deficiency, lead poisoning and haemosiderosis. A classification of the main microcytic anemias is provided and a diagnostic approach to microcytosis, with and without anemia, based on RDW and MCV is suggested.
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