The demographic and health profile of children who are residents in Italy and were born
from non italian families has rapidly changed over the last few years. The biggest group is
now represented by babies born in Italy from non italian parents: they were 21.175 in
1999, that corresponds to almost 4% of all babies who were born in Italy in the same year,
with a 25% increase over 1998. These children usually do not present any particular medical
problem. Careful screening and anticipatory guidance about nutritional status, immunizations
and infectious diseases, such as hepatits and tuberculosis, is recommended for internationally
adopted children and refugees.