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Key words: Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip, Population-based screening
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) is the most important congenital deformity with regard to its incidence, functional and aesthetical consequences and treatment difficulties. The objective of our study was to evaluate a population-based screening programme for DDH. Overall, 6152 children aged 1 to 92 days were enrolled in the programme. The screening consisted of completing a form to detect relevant history and clinical risk factors for DDH in all newborns. In those newborns with signs of DDH at physical examination, hip ultrasounds were performed within 60 days if risk factors were detected, and within 3 months in the absence of risk factors. A total of 51 DDH were detected and followed- up to verify their clinical evolution. Our study showed a beneficial association between the proposed DDH screening programme and successful DDH treatment.
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