Medico e Bambino
2011
Ottobre 2011
numero 8
PROBLEMI CORRENTI




Latte materno, diossine e PCB

Patrizia Gentilini1, Annamaria Moschetti2, Ernesto Burgio3, Michelangiolo Bolognini4, Stefano Raccanelli5, Adriano Cattaneo6
1Oncoematologo, Associazione Medici per l’Ambiente ISDE Italia; 2Pediatra di famiglia, ACP Puglia e Basilicata; 3Coordinatore Comitato Scientifico ISDE Italia; 4Medico igienista, ISDE Pistoia; 5Chimico ambientale, Consorzio INCA, Venezia; 6Epidemiologo, IRCCS Pediatrico “Burlo Garofolo”, Trieste

indirizzo per corrispondenza:patrizia.gentilini@villapacinotti.it

BREASTMILK, DIOXINS AND PCBs
Key words
Breastmilk, Dioxin, Polychlorinated biphenyls, Incinerator, Biomonitoring

Summary
The presence of dioxin and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in breastmilk and their transfer to the infant represent the tip of the iceberg of a serious situation: the exposure in utero and the subsequent damage to the foetus. Several populations, especially those living in densely industrialised areas, are subject to increasing exposure to these and other pollutants. Monitoring the contamination of breastmilk allows the present and past exposure in a population to be estimated. Thanks to the control measures implemented after the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants in 2004, the levels of contamination are decreasing in Europe. Alarming situations persist, however, in some places: in Italy these concentrate around densely industrialised areas and close to incinerators. In Taranto and Montale (Pistoia), upon citizens’ initiatives, samples of breastmilk were analysed and levels of dioxins far higher than those recommended as safe were found. In Montale, the profile of PCBs found in breastmilk was exactly the same as the one of those released by the incinerator. These results should not be used to discourage breastfeeding, which may in fact represent an advantage, compared to non breastfeeding, for those infants already exposed to the same substances in utero. They should be used instead, with the setting up of a regular biomonitoring system by the competent authorities, to advocate for public policies aiming at a different model of development that will safeguard the health of future generations.


Vuoi citare questo contributo?
P. Gentilini, A. Moschetti, E. Burgio, M. Bolognini, S. Raccanelli, A. Cattaneo. LATTE MATERNO, DIOSSINE E PCB. Medico e Bambino 2011;30:510-517 https://www.medicoebambino.com/?id=1108_510.pdf






L'accesso è riservato agli abbonati alla rivista che si siano registrati.
Per accedere all'articolo in formato full text è necessario inserire username e password.




La riproduzione senza autorizzazione è vietata. Le informazioni di tipo sanitario contenute in questo sito Web sono rivolte a personale medico specializzato e non possono in alcun modo intendersi come riferite al singolo e sostitutive dell'atto medico. Per i casi personali si invita sempre a consultare il proprio medico curante. I contenuti di queste pagine sono soggetti a verifica continua; tuttavia sono sempre possibili errori e/o omissioni. Medico e Bambino non è responsabile degli effetti derivanti dall'uso di queste informazioni.

Unauthorised copies are strictly forbidden. The medical information contained in the present web site is only addressed to specialized medical staff and cannot substitute any medical action. For personal cases we invite to consult one's GP. The contents of the pages are subject to continuous verifications; anyhow mistakes and/or omissions are always possible. Medico e Bambino is not liable for the effects deriving from an improper use of the information.