1Entomologia Medica, Azienda Ospedaliera S. Croce e Carle, Cuneo
2Laboratorio Spirochete, Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste
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Key words: Human ixodidasis, Hard ticks, Lyme disease, Ticks prevention
This short review deals with the clinical symptoms of human parasitosis -in paediatrics-, induced by the hard ticks and their treatment both during the acute phase and during the follow- up of the patients. Prevention measures at individual levels to lower the risk of infestation are also discussed. Treatment of parassitosis can be summarized as follows: a) the mechanical removal of the tick; b) skin disinfection using unstained chemicals; c) sanitary education and d) detection of anti-Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. (Lyme disease agent) antibodies after 3-6 weeks from the exposure (tick bite). Post-exposition antibiotic treatment is highly unadvisable except for those subjects affected by immunological disfunction or other clinical problems which can worsen the clinical progression of these tick-induced infections.
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