Novembre 2003 - Volume XXII - numero 9

Medico e Bambino


Problemi correnti

Il deficit di vitamina K nel neonato

SERGIO DE MARINI

Divisione di Neonatologia e TIN, IRCCS “Burlo Garofolo”, Trieste

VITAMIN K DEFICIENCY IN NEWBORNS

Key words: Vitamin K deficiency, Bleeding, Newborn babies

Classical haemorragic disease of the newborn (first week of life) can be effectively prevented by oral or parenteral vitamin K supplementation. Late haemorragic disease of the newborn (2-12 weeks of life) is a rare but severe disease, presenting as intracranial haemorrhage in 50-80% of cases. It occurs in exclusively breastfed infants with inadequate vitamin K prophylaxis, and in infants with malabsorption syndromes. Late haemorragic disease of the newborn can be effectively prevented by a single intramuscular dose at birth. An alternative regimen may be a daily oral vitamin K supplementation for 13 weeks. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends a single intramuscular dose of vitamin K at birth.

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S. De Marini Il deficit di vitamina K nel neonato. Medico e Bambino 2003;22(9):586 https://www.medicoebambino.com/?id=0309_586.pdf


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