Il pediatra, la famiglia e l’approccio sistemico-relazionale
Direttore Scientifico dell’Istituto di Psicoterapia Relazionale di Napoli
PAEDIATRICIANS AND THE SYSTEMIC APPROACH
Key words: System theory, Family doctor, Paediatrics, Mental health
Traditional medicine, as well as psychology and psychoanalysis, is based on linear explanatory
models: a specific cause produces a specific effect. These simplified models may be
helpful to understand basic biological processes, but are insufficient to explain most phenomena.
This is even more true for human relationships and for their disorders, since each
human being is part of complex systemic interactions, where the family represents the elementary
system and society the macrosystem. The article describes the omeostatic rules that
regulate these systems and the mechanisms that may lead to their disruption and consequently
to a variety of psychosomatic symptoms and to mental illness. Family doctors, and
particularly paediatricians, should be familiar with these concepts.